Fritillaria Kurdica 18

In the 18th issue of our bulletin we present two articles in Polish language. The paper by Adam Martofel focuses on the Russian engagement in Syria in relation to the Kurdish issue in Rojava. Jakub Mirowski offers an overview of the 20th century Kurdish peace and reconciliation efforts in Turkey.






Adam Martofel

Zaangażowanie Federacji Rosyjskiej w Syrii a kwestia kurdyjska



The Russian Federation’s engagement in Syria and the Kurdish issue



This paper analyses the Russian Federation’s involvement in Syria and its influence on the Kurdish issue. This article also presents, directly and indirectly, elements which have an impact on Russia’s activity in Syria and the role of the Kurds in this case. The author has distinguished, among other things, elements such as historical and political aspects, as well as issues related to security and energy. Moreover, he discusses the multidimensional aspects of Russia’s involvement for the future situation in Syria, as well as for the political and military activity of the Syrian Kurds. Due to the complexity of this matter, the content has been divided into the following sections: Russia’s multidimensional involvement in Syria, the Middle East in the Russian Federation’s New Foreign Policy Concept, Russia-Turkey relations, Turkey’s military intervention in Syria and its effects on the situation of the Kurdish minority, and finally on the matter of autonomy of the Syrian Kurds.



Jakub Mirowski

„Bo biratiya gelê kurd û tirk...”. Platformy pokojowych starań o prawa mniejszości kurdyjskiej w Republice Turcji




‘Bo biratiya gelê kurd û tirk...’ – Kurdish peaceful struggle for recognition in the Republic of Turkey.


This paper presents peaceful political efforts of Kurdish people in their fight for their rights, starting from the 50's to modern day era. It mainly focuses on activity in political parties and social activists; their postulates, achievements and controversies concerning their alleged links to Kurdistan Worker's Party. The first section presents historical background of Turkish people under Turkish rule. In the second part, political activities from the final days of Menderes' government to modern days are presented. In the third part main distinctive traits and problems of parties fighting for Kurdish minority are analysed. The fourth part focuses on the Kurdish artists' efforts to support Turkish-Kurdish reconciliation.